What Happens In The First Stages Of Pregnancy?

Woman first stages of pregnancy

There are three stages of pregnancy called trimesters, each consisting of three months. The first trimester is week one to week 12, the second is week 13 to week 27, and the third is week 28 to week 40.  Your body will be working hard to prepare for the growth of the uterus and you may experience sickness and nausea during the early stages of pregnancy. Extra precautions during the first month of pregnancy should be taken to ensure healthy growth of the baby.

In the first trimester, there is a rapid increase in the amount of hormones in the body and as a result the tissues around the womb and pelvis womb start to soften to prepare for the growth of the baby.  All of these changes are related to the hormones and it takes a while for your body to become accustomed to the higher levels of the hormones.

This might partly explain why nausea and vomiting, normally happens during the first trimester.  The cause of the nausea is not entirely known, but is believed that nausea is caused by the changes in body hormone and blood sugar imbalance.  Fatigue is another sign that you are pregnant and it may be time to take a pregnancy test. You should take precautions during the first month of pregnancy to ensure your body have enough fluid by drinking plenty of water.

If you are pregnant you may experience morning sickness during the early stage of pregnancy.  It can also happen during other times of the day.  To minimize the morning sickness during pregnancy try eating crackers as many prefer saltiness for some reason.  Ginger ale is good to drink as it will often calms the stomach down.  Cereal is another good thing to eat, your stomach may just be a little bit hungry and trying to tell you but try to eat small portions.

Extra precautions during the first month of pregnancy should be taken if you suffer severe vomiting and that you become dehydrated this is because your levels of fluids, nutrients and vitamins are greatly reduced.   The excessive vomiting can happen at any time of the day or night, often going on continuously for many hours at a time your body can retain no food or fluid and may lose weight.  You may obviously be ill, and if the condition is left untreated for some time you may develop jaundice.

What are the precautions to be taken during pregnancy in case if your body suddenly become dehydrated? You should consult your doctor immediately so that your doctor may be able to prescribe some medication to stop it. The doctor will examine the degree of dehydration through a urine test and will prescribe an anti-sickness tablet which is safe enough to ensure your baby is not harmed by the medication. An intravenous drip is required to restore fluid and salt balance and provide essential vitamins.

For some women they may feel so tired and dizzy during the first trimester. The many changes in the body during the early stage of pregnancy contribute to a general feeling of fatigue.   The pattern of the blood supply within the pelvic area containing the womb demands more blood to ensure rich supplies of oxygen and nutrients for the developing embryo. This will result in a decrease in blood supply to the mother’s brain which make her feel dizzy.  However the sense of dizziness usually passes by mid-pregnancy, when the body has adjusted to the new pattern of blood supply.

Precautions during the first month of pregnancy are necessary as there will be a slight weakening of your muscles. During early stage of pregnancy the progesterone levels causes a softening of the ligaments that support the joints which contribute to the weakening effect on the major muscles. The “loosening” activity around the pelvis is to allow it to expand to accommodate the baby, and make it sufficiently wide for the labour and delivery.

It is common for a woman’s sense of smell and taste to alter during the first trimester and is often another early sign that you may be pregnant.  You may complain of a “metallic” taste in the mouth and start to dislike food or things you have always liked.  This is due to an alteration in the blood supply to the lining of the nose and tongue.

Both the sense of taste and smell seem to change and some women cannot bear coffee, cigarette smoke and spicy foods.  You may also develop special craving for certain foods such as pickles and doughnuts or other bizarre appetite, craving for something that is not normally thought of as food. However you need to take precautions during early pregnancy not to crave unhealthy foods.

During early pregnancy your monthly period will stop, but vaginal bleeding do occur in about 20 percent of women but this does not indicate a miscarriage.  However, precautions during early pregnancy are  necessary if the bleeding during early pregnancy is more rapid and accompanied by pain.  You should immediately call the doctor and retire to bed.

Bleeding during early pregnancy is due to a polyp or erosion of the surface tissue of the cervix (the neck of the womb).  The commonest cause of bleeding is a threatened miscarriage.  The egg has been implanted in the uterus for some weeks but is not secure.  In some cases the embryo dies at the early stage.

The above are some of the necessary precautions to be taken during the early stage of pregnancy to ensure a healthy pregnancy and healthy growth of the baby.

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